Fit to Be Citizens? Public Health and Race in Los Angeles 1879 1939 E–pub Free
Als thereby enforced their wn measures Die Schnapsstadt of Americanness and acted as the gatekeepers to the body politic Further in a national contextf shifting and solidifying boundaries public health La fortuna dei Wise officials played an important role in defining race Molina notes that in industrial citiesf the East and Midwest public health programs played a role in Americanizing and whitening European migrant populations by enforcing American hygiene norms and cleansing ethnic communities contributing to the consolidation f what came to be known as the Caucasian race However in the far west racial boundaries were blurred and Molina argues that Mexican and Asian migrants did not fit easily into the increasingly dichotomized racial hierarchy By determining social membership public health fficials played a key role in defining racial boundaries in cities like LA and defining what it meant to be American in the west Molina argues tangentially that the people By Pike and Dyke :A Tale of the Rise of the Dutch Republic of LA thus saw race differently to the restf the nation While ideas Medioevo «superstizioso» of race dichotomized into a blackwhite divide across the country in Los Angeles the racialrder was actually further graded and a broader racial hierarchy developed much like the earlier conception Death of a Dreamer of European racial hierarchiesf Slavs Celts etc In the epilogue to her book Molina ffers perhaps her most interesting point framing racialized public health discourse as a precedent for the later New Deal policies f the HOLC and the resultant redlining which would serve to entrench and bolster segregation and systemic racism in the urban space creating racial disparities which severely limited economic and social Downcanyon: A Naturalist Explores the Colorado River through the Grand Canyon opportunity and whose legacy continues to plague non white populations today This situates the topicf public health as an important chapter in the long and unfinished story Il Barça of racism in the United States marking it as a key toolf discrimination Molina contributes not Italian Phrase Book only to the historyf public health but to the history Lovesong (Green Creek of racialization and the constructionf race in the United States By looking at how race and public health were mobilized to fit the needs The Countess of society ie the initial assimilation efforts directed at Mexican populations when the city needed cheap labor followed by the later racist eugenic policies that sought to limit their reproductionnce that need had
Been Satisfied And Exploringsatisfied and exploring these populations executed agency and mobilized ideas Gully Dirt: On Exposing the Klan, Raising a Hog, and Escaping the South of race and the languagef public health to their Kelttiläistarinoita own advantage she highlights the fallacyf racial Of Mexican Americans was not simply a matter f legal exclusion r labor exploitation but rather that scientific discourses and public health practices played a key role in assigning negative racial characteristics to the group The book skillfully moves beyond the binary Uomini ad Auschwitz: Storia del più famigerato campo di sterminio nazista oppositions that usually structure works in ethnic studies by deploying comparative and relational approaches that reveal the racializationf Mexican Americans as intimately associated with the relative historical and socia. Natalia Molina s Fit to Be Citizens Public Health and Race in Los Angeles 1879 1939 traces the connection between the rise f public health policies in Los Angeles and their connection to the racialization f immigrant groups including the Chinese and Japanese but most especially Mexicans Molina argues that the history f public health in Los Angeles demonstrates how race demarcates the boundaries f social membership By systematically associating dirt disease and disorder with immigrant status late nineteenth and early twentieth century city and county public health fficials redefined citizenship in racialized and medicalized terms Specifically Molina contends that by examining public health as a site f racialization we will see how publ Really solid work that provides great insight into the public health campaigns in LA Natalia Molina s Fit to be Citizens Exhalation offers a concise and interesting historyf the relationship between public health race and eugenics in Los Angeles between 1879 and 1939 Molina argues that while Los Angeles was being advertised to the nation as a haven f natural abundance and good health its minority populations were targeted with racist public health policies that sought effectively to eradicate their communities In stark contrast to the image f a clean natural LA that was projected to the rest Oglinda salvata of the country internal correspondence shows that authorities viewed Chinese Japanese and Mexican communities as dirty rotten and diseased Using the fallacyf scientific bjectivity city authorities and public health fficials attributed the very real health problems that these communities faced to biological deficiencies and cultural practices Rather than addressing the severe racial disparity in public health services and sanitary infrastructure which caused epidemics to Nemico occur the city simply further discriminated against these communities and sought ultimately to racially cleanse the cityf LA as demonstrated by the reuest f the city s public health fficer to the city council to eradicate Chinatown goes n to argue that public health fficials also acted as gatekeepers who were effectively given the power to determine who had the right to citizenship and civic engagement Using the language f health cleanliness public health departments had the power to decide who could enter public schools who could establish businesses and ultimately who was American Informed by deeply racialized health and hygiene norms public health ffici. Meticulously researched and beautifully written Fit to Be Citizens demonstrates how both science and public health shaped the meaning f race in the early twentieth century Through a careful examination f the experiences f Mexican Japanese and Chinese immigrants in Los Angeles Natalia Molina illustrates the many ways local health fficials used complexly constructed concerns about public health to demean diminish discipline and ultimately define racial groups She shows how the racialization. Hinking and the constructed nature Poems (The I Tatti Renaissance Library) of race through a lens that widens the discourse beyond the traditional whitenon white dichotomy This book examines the intersectionf public health and racial formation in Los Angeles from the 1880s 1939 Great Depression It is an important book for anyone interested in science studies and fits well with Nayan Shah s Contagious Divides The book takes a comparative approach including discussions f Japanese Chinese "And Mexican Americans I " Mexican Americans I it had discussed Filipino experiences The book examines the ways in which Public Health institutions understood and racialized diseases how these understandings and applications changed ver time the effect Gather Together in My Name 1ST Edition of these discourses and interventionsn Latino and Asian communities and in the final chapter the way Mexican Americans in El Congresso appropriated this discourse to fight for better housing The conclusion discussed the relevance Pentimento of the racializationf space for fights La maga delle spezie over housing and gentrification today There is also a great sectionn birthing experiences and the use f Molina s book is a close look at health policies in California in the early 20th century but also ways f looking at institutionalized racism as it becomes enacted through public health policies In this moment f emerging scientific authority around concepts f disease and germ theory the scapegoating Run to the Roar: Coaching to Overcome Fear of immigrants first Chinese then Mexicans and Japanese meant the productionf racialized geographies and pathologizing The Art of Teaching the Bible: A Practical Guide for Adults of entire population groups first along uncertaintiesf hygiene and presumptions Gaudi of deviant behavior then along public logicsf threats The Collected Works of Abraham Lincoln, Vol. 2 of contagion andverpopulation Those logics allow hygiene and presumptions Astrología para principiantes of deviant behavior then along public logicsf threats Amen: what prayer can mean in a world beyond belief of contagion andverpopulation Those logics allow to look at these public health policies as ways No Puedo Perderte of attempting to survey and contain racialized bodies along numerous perceptionsf danger her reading In Every Heartbeat of the threatf women s bodies in infant and maternal health issues is especially strong as it connects both to general indices The Seraphim Code of poverty infant mortality rates and national anxieties around white supremacy ie race suicide The book could have benefited from a deeper readingf the logics Sortemesse of Western geography as made for white people a subject Molinanly briefly touches La fabbrica di cioccolato on It would alos have been interesting to see if there were any records that would facilitate a discussionf how the various immigrant groups Klara with A K of Los Angeles saw eachther were they all eually targeted in each Serving Sera other s eyesr did ne group struggle than another when being policed for hygiene and health. L positions f Asian Americans African Americans and whites Its rich archival grounding provides a valuable history f public health in Los Angeles living conditions among Mexican immigrants and the ways in which regional racial categories influence national laws and practices Molina’s compelling study advances ur understanding f the complexity f racial politics attesting that racism is not static and that different groups can Solea occupy different places in the racialrder at different time.