PDF/EBOOK Breadwinners and Citizens: Gender in the Making of the French Social Model

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Frader argues that the demographic crisis set off by s high casualty rates in the First World War led to pronatalist policies that affirmed men as wage while casting women as mothers first and workers second While previous scholars have pointed to women s high rates of labor force participation in France as vidence of a relatively weak male "breadwinner ideal Frader argues that this perspective masks the strong historical ambivalence surrounding women s work and the persistent "ideal Frader argues that this perspective masks the strong historical ambivalence surrounding women s work and the persistent to contest and contain women s rights as wage Dolphin Confidential: Confessions of a Field Biologist earners p 6French men not Laura Levine Frader's synthesis of labor history and gender history brings to the fore failures in realizing the French social model ofuality for all citizens Challenging previous scholarship she argues that the male breadwinner ideal was stronger in France in the interwar years than scholars have typically recognized and that it had negative conseuences for women's claims to the FULL BENEFITS OF CITIZENSHIP SHE DESCRIBES HOW IDEAS ABOUT benefits of citizenship She describes how ideas about femininity family and work affected post World War I reconstruction policies designed to address France's postwar population deficit and ffo. .
Foreign workersFrader is chiefly concerned with how hegemonic ideas about gender were constructed not how they were challenged Thus she tends to constructed not how they were challenged Thus she tends to opposition to the male breadwinner ideal from feminists female labor leaders and working women themselves She characterizes working women s alternative vision of galitarian gender relations as utopian p 46 However she acknowledges some significant victories publically mployed r dactrices chief clerks won the right to ual pay in the Imaginary Runner early 1920s and damesmploy From Cottage to Bungalow: Houses and the Working Class in Metropolitan Chicago, 1869-1929 es female postal workers secured it by thend of the decad. Easing number of immigrant men in the labor force competed for Fresh Water employment and pay Family policy was used not only toncourage reproduction but also to REGULATE WAGES AND THE SIZE OF wages and the size of workforce Policies to promote married women's and immigrants departure from the labor force were common when jobs were scarce as they were during the Depression Frader contends that gender and French Daguerreotypes ethnicityxerted a powerful and unacknowledged influence on French social policy during theDepression ra and for decades afterwardAbout the AuthorLaura Levine Frader is Professor of History at Northeastern Universit. Breadwinners and Citizens: Gender in the Making of the French Social ModelNly arned higher wages and access to skilled positions but also consistently njoyed better social benefits including family allowances for dependent children Political social and conomic citizenship reinforced ach other and women who did not gain the right to vote in France until 1944 remained marginal players in all three arenas The Depression of the 1930s affirmed rather than challenged the model of the male breadwinner Frader argues mployers tried to preserve French men s jobs at the xpense of married women s positions and popular sentiment turned against. Rts to redefine citizenship in the 1920s and 1930s She demonstrates that gender divisions and the male breadwinner ideal were reaffirmed through the policies and practices of labor management and government The social model that France implemented in the 1920s and 1930s incorporated fundamental Social IneualitiesFrader's Analysis Moves Between The Everyday ineualitiesFrader's analysis moves between the veryday of ordinary working women and men and the actions of national policymakers political parties and political movements including feminists pro natalists and trade unionists In the years following World War I the many women and an incr.


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